Author: Ernest Carter

how to change longboard wheels

Let’s face it: It can be hard to change skateboard wheels or longboard wheels. If you have all the right tools and know-how, you’ll be able to do it like a pro quickly! There are a lot of people who don’t know how to change skateboard wheels, so we made this guide so that you don’t have to look for help online again. Let’s talk about when you should change the wheels.


#When to Change Your Skateboard

Wheels or Longboard Wheels

Skateboard and longboard wheels are made to last longer, giving a smooth ride. However, they wear down over time and use. There are times when you need to get new wheels for your skateboard or longboard because your old ones are getting small or have flat spots.

There are a lot of things you need to do to change your skateboard wheel, but they are easy if you have patience and the right tools. If you want to change your skate or longboard wheels, this guide will show you how to do it. Let’s start by getting the materials or tools that you need to do this job right away.

Materials & Tools Required

  • 1/2′′ Wrench
  • Four half-inch axle nuts
  • A tray to keep the axle nut and bolts.
  • Skate is a tool
  •  4 Wheels
  • 8 Skateboard Bearings
  • Bearing spacers (optional)

Time to change the wheels.

Once you have all the tools and materials you need, it’s time to change your skateboard wheels with the new ones you just bought. How do we do this?

  1. Take your axle nuts and speed washers off

Make sure your board is on its back. You can remove the axle nuts and speed washers with a skate tool or a power drill. Put them to one side. If you don’t want them to get lost, put them where you can see them! Do not take your wheels and other parts off.

  1. Remove the inner bearings

Pull the wheels off so that the outer bearings clear the end of the axle. Then twist the wheels off, leaving the inner bearings and spacers on the axle, and remove the wheels. When you open a bottle of beer, you move in the same way.


  1. Turn the wheels around.

In the end, you’ll be left with a pair of wheels with the outer bearings still inside of them. Turn them around and put them back on the axles so that the wheels are facing inwards, then put them back on.


  1. Remove the outer bearings

When you open a bottle of beer in the same way you did in step 2, remove the outer bearings.


  1. Check everything is aligned

This means you should now have a speed washer on each side of the axle. You should now have a spacer, a bearing, and a spacer on each side. If some things have come off, put them back on so that everything looks like this picture.


  1. Put the outer bearings on the ground.

With your new wheels, with the graphic facing inwards, push the wheels onto the bearings at the end of the wheel’s wheel tube. The process might be a little slow, but because you’re pushing both wheels on at once, it’s going to be twice as fast as it would be on its own!


  1. Turn your wheels round

Outer Bearings are the only bearings in each wheel. You should now have two pairs of wheels with one in each wheel. Turn the wheels so that they’re facing outwards again, and line them up with the inner bearings and spacers on the inside of the wheel.


  1. Make sure the inner bearings are in place.

Squeeze the wheels into the bearings on the inside. If it’s a tight fit on the core, you’ll have to get your muscles out. By doing both wheels at once, you’re going to make this twice as quick. The axles also keep everything in line, so there’s no need to mess around with a bearing spacer in your wheels.


    9.Tighten up the axle nuts so they don’t move again.

Speed washer: Put it back on the axle. Then, thread the nut on and tighten it with your skate tool or power drill. To make sure that you have tightened your wheels enough but that they still move, give them a quick spin and shake. Then, go skate!


How To Connect Ceiling Speakers To Receiver

Ceiling speakers can be a great addition to your entertainment space, whether it’s a home theater, a DJ set, a game room, or even your study if you like to listen to music while you work.

If you aren’t an electrician, connecting your ceiling speaker to a receiver will look like an impossible task that only professionals can do, so don’t do it. We are here to tell you that the process is easier than you think it is going to be.

Once you know our steps, you’ll even be able to fix most problems with your speakers without having to buy new ones all at once.

When things don’t work, they usually have to do with a broken connection. We have a step-by-step guide that you can go over again to figure out what went wrong with the connection.

How to Connect a Ceiling Speaker to a Receiver in 7 Easy Steps

Before you start this project, you should already know some things about DIY. Then you can use our guide, but you’ll need to buy some things to help:

Wire cutters are the tools you need to do this job.

Needed: Ceiling Speakers, Receiver Wire Nuts, and Screws

Step 1: Unplug everything for your own safety, then move on to Step 2.

Wires and electricity need to be disconnected from a power source before we can work with them. Putting your hand near a live wire can be dangerous and even cause you to need medical help.

Turn off the electricity in the room where you want to connect the speakers. You can turn off the whole house if you want, as long as that room doesn’t have electricity.

Step 2. Make a note about which wire colors are which.

If you’re replacing an old speaker, make a note of the wire connections before you remove them. You’ll need to connect them in the same way later.

Wires that are black and red are likely. Make sure they don’t get tangled and are easy to see in your powerless room.

In Step 3, you need to make sure the speakers are ready.

Speakers usually use two different ways to connect wires, but this can vary. One is simple, but it’s likely to break. The other is only a little more difficult, but it’s more secure.

There are pointed edges on the back of the speakers that are ready for you to wrap the wires around in the first method.

The second one is more safe because you have to open the shell of the speaker to find a hole for the wires.

There are two ways to set up your home. The second is the most common because it gives you more protection.

Make sure the place where the wires connect is ready and easy to get to. This will depend on the type of speaker you have.

This is the fourth step. You need to cut both ends of the wires.

Trim the insulation material from the ends of your receiver’s wires with your wire cutters, then clean them up with a damp cloth. Every time you connect a wire, you should show about two inches of wire.

Make sure to keep the new wire ends away from other wires, or you could get shocked. Bend the wires into a Y shape, with the receiver at one end and the two wires at the other.

Putting The Wires Together is Step 5.

The wires for the receiver will be the same mix of colors as the wires for the speaker, so they will look the same (usually black and red). Connect the red wire to the red socket, and connect the black wire to the black socket. Wrap the wires around each other, or twist them through a socket.

Step6: Make sure the connection is safe.

If your speakers have sockets, they may have a built-in locking system or latch to keep them from coming out of the sockets. This means that when you close the shell and the sockets, the wires stay in place, making them safe. If that’s the case, you can make a secure connection and then move on to step 7.

To keep the connection safe, you will need wire nuts. If your sockets don’t have this feature, or if there are no sockets in the ceiling speakers, then you will need wire nuts. In order to make sure there are no wires sticking out of the plastic, you should thread the wires that match each other into the nut. Turn the nut to make sure that connection is safe.

Leaving any wires outside the nut could cause the connection to break, which would make your speakers not work. If you see this, just connect the wire nut again.

Step 7: Plug in the Speakers and the Receiver.

If everything is safe, you can screw the wires back into the ceiling. The wires from the receiver may be hard to see, so you might want to use a cord hider.

Questions that people often ask

You might find the answer to your other questions in our FAQs.

For Bluetooth Ceiling Speakers, do I need to buy a receiver to connect to them?

When you use Bluetooth ceiling speakers, you will need a receiver. However, you won’t need to connect them with wires. To connect them wirelessly, instead, you can do it that way.

Is it possible to use ceiling speakers to get surround sound?

No, you can’t. Depending on the speakers you have, you’ll need at least four speakers to make sure there is enough sound around your home.

Ceiling speakers can be hooked up to a TV, but can I do it?

As long as you have a TV that works with ceiling speakers, you might be able to connect it. To connect, you’ll need to use Bluetooth or another wireless method. There aren’t many TVs that come with a separate speaker output, so connecting through wires isn’t likely.

How hard is ice skating ?

It’s amazing to see someone glide over the ice with ease and comfort, but you may be wondering whether it’s really that simple. If you’re interested in learning to ice skate and are wondering if it’s difficult or not, you’ve come to the correct spot. I’ll address this topic in depth and then provide some ideas for getting started with ice skating.

While learning to ice skate is challenging, it is not insurmountable for the typical individual. Balancing is one of the most difficult aspects of ice skating due to the thin blades. It is quite difficult at first, but after a few weeks of practice and learning to balance, it becomes rather simple and you pick up the pace.

How Long Does It Take To Learn Ice Skating?

On average, it takes 2-3 hours of practice to master the fundamentals of ice skating, but it may take more than 30 days to become really proficient in the sport of ice skating. Everyone learns at their own rate, even if the length of time it takes to learn varies depending on a variety of circumstances.

Although there are many factors that influence how long it takes to learn anything, the most important one is how fast you learn it. For example, you may become proficient at ice skating within days, or it may take months for you to master ice skating.

Factors Influencing the Pace and Ease with Which You Learn to Ice Skate
I’ve discussed some of the aspects that impact the speed and ease with which one learns ice skating in the section below.

The amount of time you devote to practice
It goes without saying that the more time you spend ice skating, the quicker you will learn and the simpler it will become for you as time passes.

Coach a friend or hire a professional trainer
Getting coached by any professional instructor, or even by one of your friends or someone in your family who knows how to ice skate, will allow you to pick up the sport rather fast and efficiently. I did the same thing!

Prior Sports Experience
If you have previously participated in other balancing sports, you will be able to significantly accelerate your learning since you will already be familiar with the most difficult aspect of ice skating, which is maintaining balance.

If you have previously participated in activities such as roller skating, rollerblading, or skiing, you will be able to learn ice skating very fast.

It only took me a little more than two weeks to become proficient at ice skating, and one of my friends who had been ice skating for quite some time praised my ability to learn the sport quickly. I had previously learned to roller skate before trying my hand at ice skating, and my ability to do so allowed me to learn ice skating relatively quickly.

Is it more difficult to ice skate than to roller skate?
Gliding is more comfortable on roller skates than stopping or turning on ice skating due to the fact that their blades are built for the same purpose as each other. Ice skating is more difficult for beginners than roller skating because the blades of the ice skates are so thin, making it difficult for them to maintain their balance, but there is really not a significant difference between the two sports.

That’s what I think after trying both of these sports.

Many individuals regard ice skating to be easier than roller skating, while many others believe roller skating to be easier than ice skating. And, in fact, I believe they are extremely close and about equal in difficulty, with ice skating being a bit more difficult in my view.

Tips for Learning Ice Skating More Effortlessly and Quickly

Get Properly Sized Ice Skates
Despite the fact that it is evident, many individuals choose to disregard it. Purchasing incorrectly sized ice skates may make you feel uncomfortable, and you may have problems learning to ice skate as a result. If you get too short skates, you may even develop blisters.

Train with a professional or with a friend.
It is much less difficult to learn ice skating from a professional than it is to learn it on your own. You will have to learn many various types of skills on your own, such as balance, turning, stopping, and many other things, which will require a significant amount of time and patience.

If you have a buddy who has been ice skating for a long time, you may ask him for advice on how to improve your skating skills. I learnt to ice skate from one of my friends, and, to be honest, it was a fairly simple and enjoyable experience for me.

If you are unable to locate a trainer or a buddy who can assist you, you may essentially simply browse the internet for information. A large number of individuals are teaching you how to ice skate online via YouTube, and you can also read other skating blogs. This will assist you in speeding up the learning process of how to ice skate.

Avoiding the Fear of Falling
Almost everyone who is interested in learning to ice skate or who is presently practicing does so out of a fear of falling on the hard surface. The fear of failure significantly shortens the learning curve.

Consider the fact that the floor is made of wool, and you know that nothing bad will happen if you slip and hit your head. Go gently; there is no need to rush; instead, take your time and simply keep going.

If you approach the situation with a good attitude, you will not be as concerned about falling.

For 10-30 minutes, take a walk with your ice skates.
In the beginning, just stroll about with your ice skates on, just as you would normally.

Simply walk with your left leg up and right leg down (like you would normally do), but with a twist: you must do it while wearing your skates. This will assist you in learning to balance, which is the most frequent challenge that many people encounter.

Do this for at least 10 minutes before you even consider beginning your skate session.. In the case of someone who has never skated before, refrain from doing this every time you go out on the ice.

I thought this to be quite beneficial since it allowed me to understand more about the operation of the ice skates as well as a little bit about balance.

How fast do longboard go ?


Longboarding is a great alternative to walking. Longboards have a longer wheelbase (distance between trucks) and larger wheels than skateboards.

How fast can a longboard go? Longboarding speed ranges from 6 mph cruising to 50-65 mph downhill.

Your true speed is determined by your riding technique, ability to push and pump, weight, board, speed tuck, and stopping power!

Avg. longboarding speed

Normally, traveling speeds range from 5 to 14 mph. If you slice down a hill, your speed might climb from 30 to 50 mph depending on the grade.

Skilled downhill racers reach speeds of up to 65 mph. These speeds may appear moderate when driving a car, but they are horrifying when seen from a little wood deck on urethane wheels.

Avg. longboarding speed

Commuters typically cruise from 5 to 14 mph. If you slice down a hill, your speed may climb to 30-50 mph depending on the slope.

Downhill racers attain speeds of up to 65 mph. When these speeds may seem little while driving, they are terrifying when seen from a small wood deck on urethane wheels.

Extreme downhill riders may reach speeds of up to 90 mph.

Longboard weight and speed

Weight affects a longboarder’s speed.

While it may seem counterintuitive, a bigger rider (with experience) has an advantage in longboard racing. He/she can outrun lighter bikers by 10-15 mph.

Larger riders are faster on straight tracks than smaller riders tucking in the same position. As a result, the rider’s bulk keeps him moving faster and overcomes air resistance, more than compensating for his weight.

Larger riders with equal capabilities may lose speed to smaller riders with comparable skills in bends because it is more difficult to keep the line without sliding out (causing them to slow down).

The weight of the longboard has little effect on speed, however smaller riders occasionally choose heavier boards to make up for their disadvantage.

Speed boarding tuck

Fast riding relies on your tucking technique (aka the tuck). Tucking is a longboard position that reduces air resistance and makes you more aerodynamic. Your tuck determines how fast you can ride your longboard.

To reduce your frontal profile while riding fast, tuck your rear knee under your front knee while leaning towards your front leg and tucking your arms behind your back.

Other “American” tuck variations include:

Back knee behind front ankle – curled back, lower posture, harder to maintain

Not great for air profile, but comfortable for long rides.

Mastering your tuck will help you ride your longboard faster downhill. A longer helmet and a high-quality leather speed suit will also help reduce air friction and increase speed (in addition to saving your life).

Flat-ground acceleration

How fast can you get on your longboard while not riding slopes? Your maximal speed is influenced by two factors: pushing and pumping.

To obtain a decent start speed, you must push hard. When your lower foot hits the floor to push off, keep your back straight and your shoulders and hips forward (no rotation).

After the first impulse, keep pumping to maintain and increase speed. It involves transferring your weight from one rail (edge) of your board to the other, while impulsing power and speed into your longboard with each turn.

Even on flat ground or very mild slopes, you can travel fast on your longboard if you learn to pump.

Speed braking

The speed of your longboard is strongly tied to your stopping ability. So braking is important while riding a longboard fast.

Foot braking is the simplest way of slowing down by dragging your foot over the ground. While this method works well at low speeds, it should not be used at speeds beyond 20 mph. Foot braking may also swiftly ruin even the toughest shoes.

Sliding is a great way to slow down or stop. The better you slide, the faster you’ll feel at ease on your longboard. Sliding, on the other hand, is a highly technical skill.

Sliding causes the wheels to lose traction and slip sideways (skidding instead of rolling). Faster board speed is lost due to greater ground friction.

Various slides are used for various purposes, such as adjusting descent speed (speed check), braking, and stopping (shutdown).

Sit braking demands the driver to sit on the deck with both feet on the ground. You’ll develop confidence faster by practicing more intricate braking techniques.

Speed longboards

You need a fast longboard if you want to ride it swiftly. In terms of speed, a longboard’s stability and turning abilities are crucial.

Inability to turn slows down the longboard’s overall speed.

Stability and speed are mutually exclusive. If you’re a beginner, a drop platform or a drop through deck will be more stable (click here for explanations). Both models enable you to ride lower, with a more stable center of gravity.

They are often bigger and heavier than drop deck planks. Assists in faster foot alignment when moving. They also allow for bigger wheels (faster).

Large, heavy longboards are also more difficult to manage, especially while sliding.

accelerated Smaller boards with topmount decks (trucks beneath the deck) are more stable but also more sensitive to turns.

Larger (75-85mm) wheels accelerate faster, while sharper wheels retain superior grip at high speeds. The problem is that huge wheels cause wheel bite on many topmounts, making them unstable and only appropriate for competent riders.

Speed control wobbles

Wobbling is a common problem while riding fast on a longboard.

Overcorrecting for a slight turn caused by bumps or fractures causes wobbles. As a result, you overcorrect your deck’s lean, causing a larger turn in the other direction.

Topmounts wobble more than drop decks/drop throughs, which are bigger, lower, and more stable.

It’s tempting to tighten the trucks, making them harder to turn, and decrease the truck angles, making the board less turning for a given deck lean. They may just postpone the beginning of the disorder, which may repeat more often.

In reality, your constant overcorrections result from your failure to manage your front truck while riding fast.

Less experienced longboarders tend to lean too far back in their tuck, putting too much weight on the rear truck and losing control over the front truck.

Bringing your weight closer to the front truck and leaning forward reduces wobbling.


Finally, a longboard can move rapidly. You may either cruise or carve at 5-14 mph, or you can join the big boys on the slopes and hit 50 mph or more.

You will need the requisite skills (tucking, braking), a speed board, and, of course, protective clothing.

How Fast Do Hoverboards Go?

As part of the How Fast Are Hoverboards FAQ, a close-up picture of someone on a hoverboard was taken.

Hoverboards are a simple and fun way to get around. A simple lean forward will get you moving. With some practice and balance, you’ll be done. When there is a new gadget out there, some people just jump on it and run like Wile E. Coyote without giving it a thought. Other people often ask themselves, “How fast does this thing really go?” and “How can I slow it down?”

How fast can you go on a hoverboard? It can go from 6 to 13 miles per hour!

There are a lot of things that affect how quickly a hoverboard moves. Also, the size and power of the hoverboard’s tires and engine are taken into account. The rider’s weight is also taken into account. All of these things help you reach your top speed. The typical hoverboard can reach speeds of six to eight miles per hour when it is at its best. All-terrain models that have bigger tires and more powerful engines are usually faster on dirt and gravel roads. They can reach speeds of more than 10 miles per hour on these types of roads. Our Swagboard T6 Outlaw, for example, is one of the fastest on the market. It can reach speeds of up to thirteen miles per hour at its best.

First, learn how to walk.

As a cliché, this is still true. Most likely, getting on a hoverboard for the first time and going off at full speed will be more humiliating and unpleasant than it will be exciting and fun.


Because some self-balancing boards, like our Swagboard T1 Pro Hover Board, have learning modes that limit the board’s speed while making it more responsive, it is possible to learn how to use them. As a new rider, this will help you get a sense of your style before you speed off at full power on your first trip. A learning mode lets you try out balance, hoverboard control, and other general moves to avoid accidentally taking off at full speed and landing on your back in the street.

Speed on a hoverboard is very important.

There are different modes for different models. You must learn the basics before you can go from basic to standard and then to advanced (see below). The speed at which your hoverboard moves will depend on the kind and model of board you have, as well as the type of surface you ride it on.

In general, a self-balancing board can go up to six or eight miles per hour at its fastest. It is possible for all-terrain boards to reach speeds of up to thirteen kilometers per hour. Speeds like this can’t be achieved on every surface or in every situation.

• Going up a hill will make you slow down.

• Most of the time, you won’t be able to reach your top speed on grass, gravel, or other similar surfaces.

• Even though going down a hill or slope can make you faster, it can also make you more likely to get hurt, so be careful.

On a clean, dry, level, and smooth stretch of road, you should push your hoverboard to its top speed.

The best way to use a Hover Board

People who have been riding hoverboards for a long time will tell you that it is very important to take your own safety very seriously while riding your hoverboard. It’s very common for a skateboard or snowboard to break, or even worse, for a person to get hurt when they don’t follow safety rules. Even though hoverboards can be used in public places, many states have rules that say they can’t be used in public places. If you don’t follow these rules, you could get in trouble with the law.

• Make sure you always wear a helmet and other safety gear.

If you want to use a hoverboard in bad weather, don’t do it.

• Do not walk on ground that is broken or uneven.

In order to keep your balance, you need time and experience. That’s why you were told to start slowly in the previous paragraph.

• All in the lean – Controlling the hoverboard with your core rather than your head or upper body will make the ride more comfortable and fun.

• When riding your hoverboard in a busy place, be careful and use common sense. Because you can ride at high speeds, that doesn’t mean you should ride at high speeds everywhere you go.


We’ll admit it: going fast is exciting, but we don’t like it. The speed of this “magic” mobility device isn’t the only thing it has going for it. Before you decide how fast to go, think about all of the factors, like your age, rider weight, the surroundings, your skill level, and what makes you feel safest. Make sure that you think about safety first before you think about all of the other great features and colors that are there.

Make sure you know what the rules are in your city and state about hoverboards in public places.

There are now laws in place that say that hoverboards can’t be used in public places by people under the age of 18. This is because hoverboards became popular in 2015, when they were first widely available. The rules are very different from state to state and, in some cases, even from city to city. In California, for example, people who want to ride hoverboards must be at least 16 years old.

They are still in the early stages of development. And the rules that govern them are still being worked out, too. If you live in a state or a city, the government is still trying to figure out how to classify hoverboards, which is hard. In the end, the classification of the hoverboard will decide whether or not it should be controlled by existing laws or if new rules need to be put in place to make it safe. It’s best to make sure you know the rules in your area so that you can figure out what is and isn’t allowed for public use before you start. Speed is just as important as the answer to the previous question.

How to do a frontside 180 on a skateboard

How to do a frontside 180 on a skateboard

The frontside 180 is a well-known skateboarding move that may be applied in a variety of situations.

The skater gets into the air and lands with the board and body laterally, i.e. backward, similar to an ollie with an additional half-rotation.

Riders begin their nollie in their natural riding position and land their nollie.

Frontside 180 ollies, frontside ollies, and even FS 180s are all prevalent names for the frontside 180.

It’s an intermediate-level skating maneuver that’s so easy it could be the sport’s first move.

Per Welinder writes in his book “Mastering Skateboarding” that “some skaters find that frontside ollies are actually easier than straight ones.”

“This is presumably due to the fact that these folks jump by twisting their bodies.”

“When it comes to learning a new trick, this is a good thing.

If your body gets used to one method of practicing ollies, it can be tough to switch to another.”

The frontside 180 is extremely similar to the ollie in terms of foot position.

The tail and the rear foot are responsible for much of the trick’s movement.

Make sure your heel is dangling off the edge of the deck at a 30-45 degree angle from the front bolts.

The toe ball of your rear foot should be on the tail’s edge, with the heel pointing up slightly.

Getting a solid ollie and starting a half-rotation are the last two remaining steps.

You should keep in mind that there are numerous slight modifications to the trick.

Beginners will benefit from some of these, while intermediate and advanced riders may find them interesting.

Frontside 180

In order to do a frontside 180 without stumbling, follow these steps on level ground.

1.Start rolling at a reasonable speed and assume the ollie position;

2.As you lower your arms, be sure that the lead shoulder is facing slightly toward the toes;

3.Use your ankle to pop up the board, rather than your leg;

4.Untwist your upper body as you begin your ollie;

  1. Push the deck around with your back foot while the front foot lifts the board into the air.

6.Your shoulders should face ahead, and the skateboard should point in the direction you’re going, at the highest point of your ollie.

7.Make sure you keep your eyes focused on the goal.

8.Your lower body will begin a lateral rotation with your head and shoulders as the board begins to turn.

9.Put pressure on the board with your front foot to bring it level with the ground.

10.Roll away as soon as all four wheels touch the ground at the same time.

Extra Tips

Practice your first frontside 180s on a bank to speed up the learning process.

The upper body motion will be ingrained in your muscle memory through repetition.

A strong, confident, and high ollie is essential to a solid performance.

In order to hold the board close to your feet and avoid falling backward after landing, put extra weight on your toes.

While getting ready to ollie, if you can’t make the skateboard to turn 180 degrees, try twisting your body further.

It could also assist in landing the front wheels first and pivoting around before the tail touches the ground and completes the halfway revolution.

As a result, it’s akin to putting the car in drive before turning 180 degrees.

Finally, a pop shove-it can be used in place of the ollie.

However, it will not be the original frontside 180, but it could serve as an excellent stepping stone to perfecting the feat in the long run


How Speakers Work

How Speakers Work

Speakers are responsible for the production of sound!

You are already aware of this, but do you understand how they operate?

You will be guided through a conceptual overview of how speakers turn electrical signals into sound in this article.

No matter what you are told, no matter how beautiful they appear, and no matter how sophisticated the language used, speakers simply produce sound.

Although the explanation of what they do is straightforward, understanding how speakers function and how to make them function properly can be exceedingly difficult.

Acquiring a better understanding of how speakers work will assist you in better understanding how a speaker functions as well as assisting you in being a more informed customer when purchasing audio equipment.

How is sound made?

In most cases, the term “sound” refers to frequencies that the human ear is capable of hearing (20Hz -20,000Hz).

The fluctuation of air pressure induced by the movement and/or vibration of a specific object results in the production of audio waves.

Any time an object moves or vibrates, it transmits the kinetic energy it has generated to the air particles in its immediate vicinity.

The most typical example for this is to think of waves on the surface of water.

The term “frequency” refers to the length of a single wave in terms of frequency.

The frequency of a sound is affected by the speed with which the sound-producing object vibrates.

Lower-frequency noises are associated with slower vibrations.

Higher-frequency noises are produced by faster vibrations.

As previously established, the human ear is capable of hearing frequencies ranging from 20Hz to 20,000Hz (20kHZ).

When the frequency of a sound is at the lower end of our hearing scale (down towards 20hz), we hear deep/low notes/sounds, which are referred to as Bass in popular culture.

When the frequency is near 20kHz, we hear high-pitched noises, which are referred to as Treble in the industry.

The frequencies in the center of the spectrum are referred to as Midrange.

Individuals that have the ability to hear most of these frequencies understand that they are always surrounded by sounds; the world is an extremely noisy place.

Humans are capable of producing a wide variety of sounds in various settings.

The majority of us are capable of producing sound using our vocal cords.

Some of us have the ability to make instruments emit sounds by using our hands or our lung power.

Speakers! Babies cry out for their parents, youngsters bang on dishes, and adolescents yell at their parents, and some of us use our scientific expertise to design and build equipment that can generate sound; speakers!

In a variety of ways, we are all strongly tied to sound.

A thorough understanding of how we make sound and incorporate it into our daily lives will enable you to detect occurrences that you were previously unaware of.

How do Speakers make sound?

The function of a speaker is quite straightforward.

A speaker is a device that turns electrical signals into acoustical energy, which is heard as sound.

When the speaker moves back and forth, it increases and reduces the air pressure in front of it, resulting in the creation of sound waves.

A basic diagram of a speaker is shown below.

As you can see, there aren’t many pieces to this puzzle.

However, even minor differences in each component can have a significant impact on the speaker’s ability to communicate.

These are the essentials: a conical suspension, a permanent magnet, a voice coil, and a frame.

The cone is the main moving mass of the speaker and is responsible for its sound.

The greater the size of the cone, the greater the amount of mass and surface area a speaker will have.

The greater the surface area of a speaker, the greater the amount of air it can move.

In a word, the greater the amount of air that can be moved, the louder the speaker can be.

It is important to note that for accurate, high frequency reproduction, smaller specialist drivers (tweeters) are required.

When the speaker is in motion, the suspension and the spider work together to maintain the voice coil aligned and to act as a spring.

With each movement, the suspension pulls the cone back to its center point, allowing it to remain stable.

A lack of suspension would mean that there would be nothing to hold the voice coil and cone in their respective positions.

The rigidity, composition, and design of the suspension can all have a significant impact on the performance of a speaker.

The diagram below illustrates the operation of a speaker’s suspension.

The magnet structure is responsible for the generation of the standing magnetic field.

The voice coil’s generated field has something to push off of because of the presence of this standing magnetic field.

The possibility for cone motion is increased when there is a significant standing magnetic field.

The greater the strength of this field, the greater the distance it spans, allowing the voice coil’s field to push off of it more effectively.

In many ways, the motion is comparable to the concept underlying a solenoid.

The link between the voice coil and the standing magnet field is illustrated in the diagram below.

The cone moves as a result of the interaction between the voice coil and the standing magnetic field.

In the presence of an alternating magnetic field, a speaker’s voice coil generates an alternating electrical current/signal when an electrical current/signal from an audio amplifier (alternating at the same frequency as the sound that generated it) is applied to it.

The alternating polarity of the voice coil enables it to be attracted to and repelled from the standing magnetic field, depending on its position in the field.

It is because of this action of alternating attracting and repelling that the cone (connected to the voice coil) moves around!

When the cone oscillates between 20Hz and 20 KHz, the speaker produces audible sound!

The frame is responsible for holding all of the above components together.

To attach the voice coil and cone, which are connected to the frame by means of a support system and a spider, click here.

The frame is responsible for holding the magnet construction in place.

In order to keep the entire family together when things get hectic, the frame must be extremely sturdy and durable.

Neither the speaker nor any of these essential components would exist without the others.

What is a driver?

Drivers are highly trained professionals.

A driver is a speaker who is responsible for voicing a specific frequency range and who has a specific job to do.

Woofers, midrange drivers, and tweeters are the three types of drivers that are traditionally used.

Woofers are the largest of the drivers and are specialized in the production of low frequencies.

Intermediate drivers are designed to produce frequencies in the midrange range.

Those who use tweeters are those who specialize in producing high frequencies.

Sub-woofers, which you may have heard of before, are specialized drivers that are designed to reproduce extremely low frequencies, many of which we are unable to detect.

The objective of this driver is to enhance the listening experience by adding shake, rumble, and roll.

It is possible to get a home theater system to sound and feel more like a movie theater sound system with the use of subwoofers, which enhances your whole home cinema experience.

Sub-woofers can also make listening to music feel more like a real concert experience.

Music experiences at live concerts are often had at higher volumes so that you can feel the bass and impact of the instruments.

While subwoofers reproduce this experience, they do it without the other frequencies being played at a high volume, which might be painful to your ear.

Speakers, despite the fact that they come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and styles, simply produce sound.

Knowing how they produce sound can enhance the listening experience by providing a new perspective.

Understanding a little bit about how a car works may cause you to change your driving habits, and knowing a little something about speakers may enable you to use them more effectively.

We hope that this post has helped you gain a better understanding of speakers and that it has given you a bit more confidence when it comes time to purchase them.

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